Land Use Planning (LUP)

    About the Division

    Established in 1992 as per the recommendations of the QRT to undertake interdisciplinary research in land evaluation for rationalizing land use. Subsequently, the division diversified its activities into various issues of contemporary interest and foresight.


    • To conduct research in different aspects of land use planning.
    • To conduct training programmes on different aspects of land use planning.
    • To coordinate Post-Graduate teaching and research programme of the Headquarters.
    List of Scientists


    Name Designation Discipline E-mail Biodata PMS
    Dr. N.G. Patil Pr. Scientist & I/c, Head SWCE View Biodata PMS
    Dr Mahendra Singh Raghuvanshi Pr. Scientist Agronomy View Biodata -
    Mrs. C. Radhika Scientist Agricultural Economics View Biodata PMS
    Dr. Ravindra Naitam Scientist Soil Science View Biodata PMS
    Mr. H.L. Kharbikar Scientist Agricultural Economics View Biodata PMS
    Dr. Amrita Daripa Scientist Env. Science View Biodata PMS
    Shri Lal Chand Malav Scientist Env. Science View Biodata -



    • Studying soil-plant-water relationship.
    • Equipments – Pressure plate, Particle Size Analyser, Neutron Moisture, Probe, Density gauge


    • Analysing chemical parameters of soil, water and plant samples.
    • Equipments – Nitrogen Analyser, UV spectrophotometer, Hydrometer, pH meter, EC meter.
    Achievement (Project completed with very brief note)

    Institute Projects

    • To compare crop simulation model for soybean in black soils of Nagpur District, Maharashtra
      Infocrop model proved to be fairly successful in simulating growth and yield of soybean.
    • The socio-economic analysis and soil characterization were carried out for rainfed and irrigated cotton based production systems.
      Under rainfed production system, 10 target district and 11 non-target districts covering 15 AESRs and 6 States were selected. From 10 target districts, 31 tehsils and 135 watershed/villages were covering 1410 farmers were selected for socio-economic analysis. Among the selected farms, cotton is grown in extremely shallow-to-shallow soils (14 per cent), moderately deep (21 per cent) and deep to very deep soils (65 per cent). Majority of the cotton soils are low in nitrogen (91.4%), phosphorus (724.4%) and zinc (91.9%).
    • Validation of growing period concept in a catena of Nagpur District
      FAO based LGP computation method shows good agreement with that of estimated under field condition with a variation of +10 days in shallow and 20-30 days in deep soil depending on the rainfall on its distribution pattern.
      LGP of shallow (<50 cm) Black soils (Lithic Haplustept) is about 160 days under normal condition in Nagpur.
      In the aberrant rainfall year, a reduction of LGP of 22 per cent from the normal value, crop failure in very shallow soils (<25 cm depth) is generally observed for cotton in black soils.
      LGP and rainfall of Nagpur follow curvilinear relationship both in the FAO method as well as field estimation under varying crop and rainfall condition, (LGP = 0.0011X2+2.3742X-1057.7, R2=0.6084, where as in most of the places of India (Eco-sub-region) follow exponential relationship. LGP = A(1-e-bx). X = Total rainfall a and b are constant.
    • Evaluation of shallow shrink-swell soils for different cropping systems in dry sub-humid ecosystem (AESR 10.2)
      Evaluation of shallow shrink-swell soil was done in Nagpur district, Maharashtra through experimentation. The intercropping system, cotton + urdbean had the highest cotton yield equivalent and is economical. The cowpea when grown as a vegetable as intercrop in cotton, could fetch sustained income for the farmers. The soybean + pigeon pea was found to be the best combination economically followed by soybean + sorghum in shallow soils.
      Soil based crop planning and land use options identified in Waranga village, Nagpur. The land use option may act as tool for economic development under different situations. Soils have a different LGP. Planning of different crops and crop combinations as per LGP would be more useful for higher profitability. Soil based crop planning proved to be a better option to change the land use as per different alternatives within the framework of soil suitability to generate the employment/income.
    • Studies on soil plant health as affected by city waste with respect to elemental toxicity
      In peri urban Nagpur city, physical and chemical properties of Nag river water (sewage effluent) irrigated soils had pH of 8.3 to 8.5, EC 0.81 and 1.10 dSm-1, bicarbonates -3.4 to 4.6 meqL-1 and sulphate -0.6 to 0.8 meqL-1. Despite low content of heavy metals in sewage effluent, it was observed that the soils irrigated with sewage water received considerable amount of heavy metals.
    • Estimating saturated hydraulic conductivity, bulk density and other physical properties of the Vertisols and Vertic integrades from published search and soil survey data.
      Regional Pedotransfer functions (PTF) were calibrated that could be used to estimate soil water retention using varied levels of input information 1) Textural data (data on sand, silt, and clay fraction-SSC) 2) Level 1+bulk density data (SSCBD) 3) Level 2+ organic matter (SSCBDOM) and 4) Level 3 +organic matter (SSCOM).
      Neural regression and K-NN techniques of PTF development were evaluated. Superiodability of k-NN PTFs in predicting FC and PWP of Vertisols of India was noted.
      PTFs to predict saturated hydraulic conductivity were also calibrated but with relatively less accuracy.
      The study also demonstrated that native PTFs to predict bulk density shrink-swell soils could be calibrated successfully provided correct choice of input variables is made.
    • Impact of land utilization types on microbial biomass in some Vertisols of Nagpur district, Maharashtra
      Microbial biomass carbon has been found to range from 110 to 496 µgg-1 soil in black soils under different land use and management practices. Land use types and management practices have been found to have considerable impact on Soil Microbial Biomass.
      In organic farming systems, SMBC ranges from 149-404 µgg-1 soil depending on the age of organic farming.
      Considerable seasonal variation in microbial biomass carbon has been observed.
      In general, SMBC was found to remain high during post monsoon period through winter till late February and declines gradually during summer presumably due to higher temperature and moisture stress.
      Recommended management practices help maintaining elevated level of SMBC.
      Nitrogen mineralization was found to have direct bearing on SMBC.
    • Socio-economic evaluation of the sustainability of identified land use systems of Panubali and Kanyadol village of Nagpur District
      Intercropping with soybean, chilly, leafy vegetable(s), gram and wheat (during first three years) in orange orchards in fine, Vertic Haplustepts, fine loamy Haplusterts and coarse loamy Typic Haplustepts gave additional income of Rs. 3000 to 4000 ha-1 per annum.
      Adoption of improved varieties and scientific crop management practices increased, the yields of sorghum, soybean, cotton and chickpea by 189, 71, 68 and 41 per cent respectively in different swell-shrink soils. On shallow shrink-swell soils soybean based cropping system gave higher net return of Rs. 6042 /ha than cotton based system. Among the intercrops, soybean + pigeon pea had the highest yield equivalent of 978 kg/ha and net return of Rs. 8130/ h.
    • Evaluation of soil properties influencing productivity potential of Citrus reticulata blanco (Nagpur mandarin) of Nagpur district
      Fuggy logic based method identified the major soil limitations to Nagpur mandarin production. The method worked as a successful evaluation tool in classifying of the soils for the fruit crop.
    • Land suitability evaluation for mulberry cultivation for sericulture in black soils of Vidarbha
    • Land use studies at village level
      Sukli village of Nagpur district was adopted under Lab to Land programme for soil-based agro-technology transfer. Based on soil suitability and a number of demonstrations on different crops/cropping system, it was observed that the average yield of the major crops showed an increasing trend after the implementation of technology.
    • Deep soils with high clay contents (Typic Haplustepts) produced more foliage, cocoons, leaf protein and generated higher economic returns.
    • The higher availability of N and P have positive effect on leaf protein content.

    Externally funded projects (National)

    National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP)

    • Land use planning for management of agricultural resources (MM-28/III) (As the Main Lead Centre)
      This project developed strategies and options for rational and scientific land use planning at micro-watershed level. The project was implemented in 56 operational units covering an area of 21,258 ha spread over 5 agro-ecosystems, namely, Rainfed, Irrigated, Arid, Hill & Mountain and Coastal cutting across 38 AESRs. Land use options were identified for the operational units of each agro-ecosystem based on integration of biophysical land socio-economic information.
    • Socio-economic analysis and characterisation of cotton-based system (Irrigated Agro-ecosystem) (PSR-24) (As a Co-operative Centre)
      Under irrigated production system, 20 villages were selected from six district of Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan. It was found that majority of area (52.1 per cent) recorded high cotton lint yield (1.1-1.2 t/ha) when medium N (63-101 kg N/ha) was applied. Based on deviation between STCR recommended dose and current levels of N application it was inferred that current yield levels of cotton could be realized through the application of lower amount of N fertilizers.
    • Agro-economic characterization and constraint analysis of rainfed based cotton production systems in relation to soil, rainfall and socio-economic factors. (RCPS-1) (As the Lead Centre)
      Under rainfed production system, 10 target districts and 11 non-target districts covering 15 AESRs and 6 States were selected. From 10 target districts, 31 tehsils and 135 watershed/villages were covering 1410farmers were selected for socio-economic analysis. Among the selected farms, cotton is grown in extremely shallow to shallow soils (14 per cent), moderately deep (21 per cent) and deep to very deep soils (65 per cent). Majority of the cotton soils are low in nitrogen (91.4%), phosphorus (724.4%) and zinc (91.9%).

    Technology Mission on Cotton [TMC(GOI) funded]

    • Methodology for the prediction of regional level cotton yield by integrating remote sensing, GIS and crop models
      INFOCROP-cotton, a simulation model (adapted from INFOCROP generic model) was developed to simulate the effect of diverse weather, soil and management on growth, development, yield and water balance in cotton. It was calibrated and validated using independent data sets from multi-location (Nagpur, Coimbatore, Hisar, Surat and Dharwar) trials. It was also validated using data from farmers’ field. In a catenary sequence covering Inceptisols, Vertisols of Nagpur district (Maharashtra). The model satisfactorily predicts dry matter production, leaf area, phenology, water balance and yield under diverse irrigated and rainfed conditions. Later, a methodology was developed integrating remote sensing data (LISS III) (spatial distribution of cotton), GIS (district soil map and rainfall polygons) and INFOCROP-cotton model to forecast district level cotton production. This methodology was successfully tested to forecast production for 4 districts – Nagpur, Sirsa Bharuch and Dharwar.
    Ongoing Projects

    Institute Projects

    • Refinement of agro-ecological region and sub-regions based on recent soils and climatic database for resource planning and development.
    • Development of a soil water balance model for shrink-swell soils of Central India.
    • Testing of models for soil physical properties and evaluation of soils.
    • Estimating Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity and Bulk Density of the Vertisols and Vertic Intergrades from Published Research & Soil Survey Data.
    • National network project on ‘District level land use planning under different agro-ecosystems of the country’.

    Externally funded

    National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP funded sub-project)

    • Efficient land use-based integrated farming systems for rural livelihood security in Aurangabad, Dhule and Gondia Districts of Maharashtra
    Capacity Building

    Post Graduate teaching and education

    The division coordinates the Land Resource Management (LRM) programme being run in collaboration with Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth (Dr. PDKV), Akola and actively engaged in teaching and guiding M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in LRM.

    Training programmes

    Institute level training programmes

    For improving the skills of personnel working in the field of land use planning, the division conducts regular training programmes in the following aspects.

    • Agro-ecological Zonation.
    • Soil Survey and Land Evaluation.
    • Interpretation of Soil Survey for Land Use Planning.
    • Advanced techniques of soil and water analysis.
    • Tools and Techniques in Land Use Planning.

    Sponsored training programmes

    • The division also conducts training programmes sponsored by Department of Agriculture, Govt. of Maharashtra on Soil Survey and Land

    Extension activities

    A number of villages in the Nagpur district have been adopted to demonstrate the effectiveness of soil-based agro-technology.

    Consultancy Services

    • Soil and water analysis
    • Soil survey and land evaluation


    Name of Organization / Institute Nature of Linkage
    Indian Meteorological Department, Pune For acquiring climatological data of coastal regions and
    for trend analysis of climatic parameters
    Bureau of Economics and Statistics,
    Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
    For acquiring crop census data and trend analysis of
    crop area and crop productivity in coastal regions.
    ICAR Institute/SAUs Collaborative works/training/data/seed and plant material
    Various State Departments For acquiring secondary data & related information
    Land Use Boards of different States For acquiring land use related data


    Future Thrust Areas
    • Refinement of methodology for land use planning at different levels.
    • Perspective land use planning at the levels of state and district through close linkages with Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development (GOI), State Land Use Boards, Commodity Boards, Forest Departments, etc.
    • Larger use of various tools, namely, participatory resource appraisal, resource inventory, scenario analysis, multiple goal linear programming and GIS in different land use planning programmes.
    • Participatory land use planning for sustainability at village/micro watershed level based on stakeholders’ perceptions using PRA tools and farming system analysis.
    • Integration of biophysical factors with socio-economic parameters in the characterization and analysis of different cropping systems.
    • Refinement of soil suitability criteria for location specificity.
    • Use of crop simulation models and alternative yield estimation techniques for identifying efficient crop zones.
    • Assessment of land quality at selected benchmark sites vis a vis land use changes for sustainability parameters using Land Quality Indices (LQI).
    • Risk analysis and evaluation of economic efficiency of the present cropping systems, development of contingent land use plans for aberrant weather conditions.
    Major Publications (Research papers/Reports/Technical Bulletins)

    Research Papers

    1. Sen, T.K.,Pandey, L.M., Sehgal, J.L., Maji, A.K. and Chamuah, G.S. (1992). Satellite remote sensing in soil resource inventory of Dibrugarh District (Part), Assam. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 20 (2 & 3): 95-104.
    2. Bhattacharyya, T., Sen, T.K., Singh, R.S., Nayak, D.C. and Sehgal, J.L. (1994). Morphology and classification of ultisols with kandic horizon in north eastern region. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Sciences. 42:301-306.
    3. Sen, T.K., Chamuah, G.S. and Sehgal, J.L. (1994). Occurrence and characteristics of some kandi soils in Manipur. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 42:297-300.
    4. Baruah, U., Chamuah, G.S. and Sen, T.K. (1995). Climatic zones of north eastern india using water balance studies. National Geography Review of India. 41(1): 45-53.
    5. Nayak, D.C., Sen, T.K., Chamuah, G.S. and Sehgal, J.L. (1996). Nature of soil acidity in some soils of Manipur. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 44 pp. 209-214.
    6. Sen, T.K., Baruah, U., Maji, A.K., Chamuah, G.S. and Sehgal, J. (1996). Remote sensing approach to detect temporal changes in the course of the Brahmaputra river. Agropedology 6(1): 23-28.
    7. Sen, T.K., Chamuah, G.S., Nayak, D.C., Singh, R.S. and Sehgal, J. (1996). Characteristics and classification of some soils of Manipur valley. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 44:538-541.
    8. Sen, T.K., Nayak, D.C., Dubey, P.N., Chamuah, G.S. and Sehgal (1996). Highly leached mineral soils of Manipur – Their pedology, characteristics, problems and management. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 44: 718-722.
    9. Chamuah, G.S., Dubey, P.N., Walia, C.S. and Sen, T.K. (1997). Relationship between pH and base saturation of soils as affected by topography. Agropedology. 6(2):121-123.
    10. Sen, T.K. (1997). Changes in exchange properties of ferruginous soils with removal of organic matter and sesquioxides. Clay Research 16 : 7-9.
    11. Sen, T.K., Dubey, P.N. and Chamuah, G.S. (1997). Characteristics and classification of some soils of Barak Valley in Assam. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 45:206-208.
    12. Sen, T.K., Dubey, P.N. and Gaikawad, S.T. (1997). Soil health and sewage irrigation – a case study in Nagpur district. Agropedology 7(1):65-70.
    13. Sen, T.K., Dubey, P.N., Chamuah, G.S. and Sehgal, J.L. (1997). Landscape –soil relationship on a transact in central Assam. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 45:136-141.
    14. Sen, T.K., Dubey, P.N., Maji, A.K. and Chamuah, G.S. (1997). Status of micronutrient in some dominant soils of Manipur. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 45: 388-390.
    15. Sen, T.K., Nayak, D.C., Dubey, P.N., Chamuah, G.S. and Sehgal, J. (1997). Chemical and electrochemical characterization of some acid soils of Assam. Journal of the Indian Society Soil Science. 45:245-249.
    16. Sen, T.K., Nayak, D.C., Singh, R.S., Dubey, P.N., Maji, A.K. Chamuah, G.S. and Sehgal, J.L. (1997). Pedology and edaphology of benchmark acid soils of north-east India. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 45: 782-790.
    17. Dubey, P.N., Sangal, S.P., Sen, T.K. and Chatterjee, S. (1998). Semi-quantitative and qualitative assessment of fly ash – A case study. Clay Research, 17(2): 90-98.
    18. Chaturvedi Arun and A.K. Barthwal (1999) Land Use/Land Cover Mapping of Chhidwara District Using Remote Sensing Techniques. ANNALS of NAGI Vol. IX(1&2) 118-122.
    19. Dubey, P.N., Sangal, S.P., Sen, T.K., Chatterjee, S., Murali. S. and Patil, V.P. (1999). Physical and chemical properties of Koradi Fly ash of Maharashtra for its utilization in agriculture. Agropedology, 1999: 9, 71-76.
    20. Chatterji, S., (2000) Suitability determination of some benchmark soils of India for rice using fuzzy and Boolean logic : A competitive study. J. Indian Soil Sci. 48, 708.
    21. Gangopadhyay, S.K., Baruah, U., Nayak, D.C., Sen, T.K., Singh, R.S. Maji., A.K., and Sarkar D. (2000). Soils of north east India – its characteristics, problems and potentials. Indian Journal of Landscape System. (22/1): 65 – 75.
    22. Shekinah, D. Esther; S. Chatterji, Sen T. K. and Challa, O. (2000), Land tenure systems and land reforms in India, The Land, 5.3:191-212.
    23. Goswami, S.N., Khandare, N.C., Hajare, T.N. and Sen, T.K. (2001) Land use dynamics in maharashtra; a trend analysis. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities.. (26)1: 94 – 97.
    24. Goswami, S.N., Khandare, N.C., Hajare, T.N. and Sen, T.K. (2001) Growth trend of principal crops of Maharashtra ; an analytical approval Journal of Maharastra, Agricultural Universities.. 26(1): 90 – 93.
    25. Sen, T.K., Murali, S., Dubey, P.N. and Velayutham, M. (2001) Soil erodibility of Jorhat and Sibsagar districts of Assam. Agropedology, II: 45 – 52.
    26. Vadivelu, S. Sen,T. K. Bhaskar, B. P. Thampi, Jiji, Baruah U. and J. P. Mishra(2001). Mapping of available potassium in the soils of Assam. Agropedology, 12: 29-37.
    27. Goswami,S .N., Sen, T.K., Khandare, N.C.& Velayutham, M (2002). Impact of irrigation and land use efficiency and area allocation in different size classes of land holdings in Maharastra. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities.. 27 (3):286- 289.
    28. Nayak, D. C., Gangopadhyay, S. K. Dipak Sarkar and Sen T. K. (2002), Characteristics and classification of some acid soils of lower Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh, Agropedology, 12: 112-121.
    29. Sen T. K., Dubey P. N. and Chatterji, S. (2002), Forms and distribution of phosphorous in some acid soils in Manipur and Assam, Agropedology, 12: 122-126.
    30. Sen, T.K., Dubey, P.N. and Chatterji, S. (2002) Forms and distribution of Phosphorus in some acid soils of Manipur and Assam. Agropedology, 11, 45-52.
    31. Chaturvedi Arun and Thayalan, S. (2003) Eroded/Degraded Lands of North Deccan Plateau and their Utilisation. ANNALS of NAGI Vol. XXIII, No. 1.
    32. S.N.Gosswami, P.N. Dubey, T.K.Sen, and O. Challa (2003) Land use dynamics in mizoram. Agricultural Situation in India. LX:531-538
    33. Sen, T.K., Dubey, P.N., Nayak, D.C., Baruah., U, Bhattachaeyya, T., Maji, A.K., and Valayutham, M (2003) Soil resource information for agricultural planning and development, Agropedology,13:50-59
    34. Sen, T.K., Nayak, D.C., Dubey, P., and Chatterji, S. (2003) Rationale for using effective cation exchange capacity in characterizing acid soils. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 51, 557-560.
    35. Sen,T.K., Nnayak, D. C., Dubey, P., and Chatterjee, S (2003) Rationale for using effective cation exchange capacity in characterizing acid soils. Journal of the Indian. Society of Soil Science, 51:557-560
    36. Bhaskar,B.P., Mishra, J.P., Baruah, U., Vadvelu, S., Sen, T.K., Butte, P.S., and Dutta, D.P. (2004). Soils on jhum cultivated hills slopes of Narang-Kongripara watershed in Meghalaya. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science .52:125-133.
    37. Goswami, S. N., S. Chatterji, Sen, T.K., Singh U. K. and Challa O. (2004) Crop concentration and diversification in india. Geographical Review of India, 66:50-62
    38. Suryakant K., Mekhale., Chatterji S., Venugopalan M.V., Sen.T.K. , Tiwari P. and Challa O. (2005). Influence of organic farming systems on soil properties – a case study. Agropedology, 15(2):120-122.
    39. Chatterji, S., Venugopalan, M.V., Ramasundaram, P.; Tiwary, P. and Singh, U.K. (2006) Development and use of indicators in assessing soil and water resources – A case study in the cotton-wheat system of northern India. J. Indian Soc. of Soil Sci. 54:481-484.
    40. Singh, R.S., Dubey, P.N., Sen, T.K., and Maji, A.K. (2006) Distribution of Potassium in soils of Manipur encompassing Physiographic and Hydrothermal Variations,
    41. Goswami, S.N., S. Chatterji, T.K. Sen and O. Challa (2007) Relevance of socio-economic factors in the context of Indian Land use planning. Agric. Situation in India 64(4):175-182.
    42. Hajare, T.N., D.K. Mandal, P. Tiwari, Jagdish Prasad and O. Challa (2007). Evaluation of some cotton and soybean cropping system in shallow soils of Nagpur district, Maharashtra. Agropedology. 17(1):68-71.
    43. Mandal, D.K., C. Mandal, O. Challa and Jagdish Prasad (2007). Development of land quality indices from edaphological data – A case study in shrink-swell soils of Central India. Agropedology 16(2), 105-111.
    44. Venugopalan M.V., Tiwary P., Hebbar K. B., Ramamurthy V., Chatterji S., Rao K. V., Sen T. K., Deshmukh H.V. and Wahane M. R. (2007) Evaluation of INFOCROP-cotton model in some shrink- swell soils under rainfed conditions. Agropedology 17 (1) 34-40
    45. Venugopalan, M.V., P. Tiwary, K. B. Hebbar, V. Ramamurthy, S. Chatterji, K.V. Rao, T.K. Sen, H.V. Deshmukh and M.R. Wahane (2007). Evaluation of INFOCROP-cotton model in some shrink- swell soils under rainfed conditions. Agropedology 17 (1) 34-40
    46. Venugopalan, M.V.; K.B. Hebbar, P. Tiwari, S. Chatterji, V. Ramamurthy, O. Challa and B.A. Sonune (2007). Productivity and nitrogen use efficiency parameters in cotton cultivars with varying N levels and soil types under rainfed conditions. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 55(3)383-391.
    47. Bhaskar, B.P., Baruah, U., Sen, T.K., Raja, P., Vadivelu, S., Sarkar, D., Butte, P.S., and Dutta, D.P. (2008). Categorization and Mapping of Potassium Forms in Hill Land soils of narang-KongriparaWatershed, Meghalaya, India. Gond.Geol.Magz., V. 23(2), December 2008. pp.127-134
    48. Goswami, S.N. and Challa, O. (2008). Economic Analysis of small older Rubber Plantations in West Garo Hills Dist. Of Meghalaya. Indian J. Agril. Economics. Vol. 62 No. 2, pp 649-663.
    49. Goswami, S.N., Chatterji, S., Venugopalan, M.V., Sen, T.K. and Challa, O. (2008). Relevance of socio-economic factors in the context of Indian land use planning – An overview. Agricultural Situation in India 65:175-182.
    50. Hajare, T.N., Patil, N.G. and Verma, K.S. (2008). On spectral indices as a function of soil variability in safflower crop. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing 36:267-272.
    51. Mandal, D.K., N.C. Khandare, C. Mandal and M. Sujatha (2008) Soil properties Influencing Turmeric Yield in shrink-swell soils of Eastern Vidarbha. Paper presented at 73rd Annual Convention at ISSS held at UAS, Bangalore during 27-30 Nov. 2008.
    52. Patil, N.G., Rajput, G.S., Nema, R.K., and Singh, R.B. (2008). Predicting Hydraulic Properties of Seasonally Impounded Soils. Journal of Agricultural Sciences Cambridge. 148:159-170.
    53. Patil, N.G. and Rajput, G.S. (2009). Evaluation of water retention functions and computer program ‘Rosetta’ in Predicting Soil Water Characteristics of Seasonally Impounded Shrink-Swell Soils. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 135(3):286-294.
    54. Pakhan, Atul, Chatterji,S, Sen,T.K., Venugopalan, M.V.,Patil,S.,and Challa,O. (2010). Use of Different Techniques in Evaluation Suitability of Shrink- Swell Soils of Nagpur District, Maharashtra for Rainfed Sorghun, Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science .53:117-124.

    Research Bulletin

    1. Sen, T.K., Nayak, D.C., Maji, A.K. and Chamuah, G.S. (1993). Pedogenic characteristics of some Red Soils of Manipur. In Red and Lateritic Soils of India – Resource Appraisal and Management NBSS Bull. 37 Nagpur, India pp. 62-67.
    2. Sen, T.K., Chamuah, G.S., Maji, A.K. & Sehgal, J. (1996). Soils of Manipur for optimizing land use. Soils of Manipur for optimizing land use. NBSS Publ. 56b, Nagpur, India.
    3. Nayak, D.C., Chamuah, G.S., Maji, A.K., Sen, T.K. and Sehgal, J. (1997). Soils of Arunachal Pradesh for optimizing Land Use Plan. NBSS Publ. 55b.
    4. Sen, T.K., Chamuah, G.S. & Sehgal, J. (1999). Soils of Assam for optimizing land use. Soil of Assam for optimizing land use. NBSS Publ. 66b, Nagpur India.
    5. Maji A,K., Dubey, P.N., Sen, T.K., Verma, T,P., Marathe, R.A, Chamua, G.S.,Sehgal, J., Velayutham, M., and Gajbhiye, K.S. (2001). Soils of Mizoram : Thir kinds. Distribution, Charactirisation and Interpretationfor optimizing land use. NBSS Sen.
    6. Vadivelu, S., Sen, T.K., Bhaskar, B.P., Baruah, U., Sarkar, D., Maji, A.K. and Gajbhiye, K.S. (2004). Soil Series of Assam, NBSS Publ. No. 101, NBSS & LUP, Nagpur,2004, 229p.
    7. Sen, T. K., Ram Babu, Nayak, D.L., Maji, A.K., Walia, C.S., Baruah, U. and Sarkar, D. (2005). Soil Erosion of Assam NBSS Publ. No. 118, NBSS & LUP, Nagpur, pp 41.
    8. Sen T.K.., U. Baruah, D. Sarkar, A.K. Maji and U. R. Patil (2006). Soil Series of Manipur. NBSS Publication No. 134, NBSS & LUP, Nagpur.

    Book Chapters

    1. Natarajan, S., Sivaswamy, R., Sen, T. K., and Chatterji, S. (2003) Scope for development of perspective land use plans in coastal region. In Natural Resources of Coastal Region of India.TNAU, Coimbatore & NBSS&LUP, Nagpur pp-24-36
    2. Natarajan,S., Sivasamy,R.,Sen,T.K, and Chatterji, S. (2004). Land Use Options for Coastal Agroecosystem. Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Soil and Crop Management Studies, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641003
    3. Goswami, S.N., Ghabru, S.K., Sen, T.K., Chatterji, S., Venugopalan, M.V., Singh, Ratan., Challa,O, Chatuvedi, A. and Maji, A.K. (2009). Features of Traditional farming System of Mc-Gad watershed in Lahul Valley of Himachal Pradesh: In Conservation Farming: Citation: Bhan Suraj, Karale R.L., Singh Shamsher, Bharti V.K. and Bali J.S.(Advisor).

    Reports on Natural Resource Management

    1. Walia, C.S., Baruah, U., Chamuah, G.S., Singh, R.S. and Sen, T.K. (1989). Soils of Buralikson Sugarcane farm, Assam, Agricultural University Jorhat. Report No. 513 (ICAR), 1989.
    2. NBSS Staff Annual Report (2000). NBSS and LUP publ. Nagpur India.
    3. Staff NBSS and LUP (2002). Soil Map of India 1:1 M Scale, NBSS Publ. No.94, National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Nagpur, India pp130 + 11 sheet maps.
    4. Soils of Amani Shiv purkere watershed (Linganahalli Village) Doddaballapur, Bangalore (2003). NBSS Publ. 590.
    5. Detailed soil survey of Koulagi Watershed (2003). NBSS & LUP, Tech. Pul. No. 588.
    6. Delineating the efficient productive zone for cotton production system using GIS Based Crop Models. (2004). Final Report, NATP project Code: RCPS-4. NATP Report No. 832 NBSS & LUP, Nagpur.
    7. Land Use Planning for Management of agricultural Resources (2005). Final Report.NATP/ No.836.
    8. Refining Regional Level Prediction of Cotton Production (TMC 2.4).

    Soil Resource Maps Published

    1. Soils, Manipur (1:250,000 scale), NBSS Publ. No. 56b.
    2. Soils, Assam (1:250,000 scale), NBSS Publ. No. 66b.
    3. Soils, Arunachal Pradesh (1:250,000 scale), NBSS Publ. No.55b.
    4. Soil of Mizoram (1:250,000 scale), NBSS Publ. No.54b.
    5. Soil Erosion Map of Assam.
    6. Soils of India, NBSS Publ. 94.
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