The Bureau initially had established five research divisions in 1980 at the Headquarters, Nagpur, namely Soil Correlation & Classification, Pedology, Remote Sensing & Aerial Photo Interpretation, Cartography and Land Use Planning. To avoid overlapping of the work and to bring staff of the relevant fields together as recommended by the Quinquennial Review Team (QRT) the five divisions were reorganised (1992) into three divisions, viz. Soil Resource Studies (SRS), Remote Sensing Applications (RSA) and Land Use Planning (LUP).
Division of Soil Resource Studies has the responsibilities for the research work in Pedology and other related fields.
The National Bureau of Soil Survey & Land Use Planning has several items as mandate, out of which the Division of Soil Resource Studies shares some of them as shown below :
|Dr. P. Chandran||Pr. Scientist and Head||Soil Science||P.Chandran1@icar.gov.in||View Biodata||PMS|
|Dr. Pramod Tiwari||Pr. Scientist||SWCE||Pramod.Tiwary@icar.gov.in||View Biodata||PMS|
|Dr. U. K. Maurya||Pr. Scientist||Soil Science||Uma.Maurya@icar.gov.in||View Biodata||PMS|
|Dr. K. Kartikeyan||Sr. Scientist||Soil Science||K.Karthikeyan@icar.gov.in||View Biodata||PMS|
|Dr. R.P. Sharma||Sr. Scientist||Soil Science||RP.Sharma@icar.gov.in||View Biodata||PMS|
|Dr. Vasu D.||Scientist (SS)||Soil Science||Vasu.N@icar.gov.in||View Biodata||PMS|
|Shri Gopal Tiwari||Scientist||Soil Science||Gopal.Tiwari@icar.gov.in||View Biodata||PMS|
|Dr. Ranjan Paul||Scientist||Soil Sciencefirstname.lastname@example.org||View Biodata||PMS|
|Dr. Sonalika Sahoo||Scientist||Soil Science||Sonalika.Sahoo@icar.gov.in||View Biodata||PMS|
The Division has a moderate set up of basic and modern infrastructure of equipments to do research in the field of:
A. Soil Micromorphology
It is difficult to conceive of detailed studies of soil genesis being carried out without the aid of micro-morphology. A number of different soil forming processes are usually typical of any one soil type, and the soil type that develops is generally a reflection of the interactions between these processes. Some of the processes may not be sufficiently advanced to be expressed macro-morphologically. Micro-morphology represents the surest way of identifying all the processes involved.
Micromorphology is the branch of soil science that is concerned with the description, interpretation and, to an increasing extent, the measurement of components, features and fabrics in soils at a micro- scopic level, i.e. beyond that which can readily be seen with the naked eye. It is fundamental to an understanding of the processes involved in soil formation whether they be produced by the normal forces of nature or artificially induced by the effect of man.
Soil micro-morphological unit was established in December 1981 under Indo-Dutch Collaborative Project with the following objectives:
The various instruments available for the purpose in the Division are:
B. Soil Mineralogy
Scientists from many disciplines use this knowledge in fundamental and adaptive research on soil erosion, weathering, classification, fertility, physics, chemistry and biochemistry, as well as in engineering aspects of soils. A thorough knowledge and appreciation of the minerals in soils is, therefore, critical to our understanding and use of soils for the betterment of mankind while protecting our fragile environment. A critical use is the application of this knowledge to waste-related environmental problem including toxic waste clean-up and land fill sittings.
Minerals make up about 50 per cent of the volume of most soils. They provide physical support for plants and create the water and air filled pores that make plant growth possible. Mineral weathering releases plant nutrients that are retained by other minerals through adsorption; cation exchange and precipitation. Minerals are indications of the amount of weathering that has taken place and the presence or absence of particular minerals give clues as to how soil formed. The physical and chemical characteristics of soil minerals are important to consider in various aspects of land use planning.
The instrument available for the purpose is :
C. Physical and Chemical Laboratory
The Division has up-to-date setup for physical and chemical analyses pertaining to soils. Instruments are available for the analysis of physical and chemical properties.
Recent developments in Argon plasma (ICP-AES) have made these attractive sources of excitation for emission spectrometry. These plasmas are highly stable, produces high temperature sufficient to even atomise the refractive materials, and is coupled with direct readers or scanning monochromators which makes it an excellent tool for simultaneous or sequential multi-element determinations. Carbon and nitrogen (C/N) analyser is an excellent facility to analyse the total C and N in soils and sediments and caters to the need of carbon related research at the Division.
D. Soil Correlation Activity
Soil correlation has been an important mandate of the Division since its inception. It has been taken up in a big way since the last three years to correlate the major benchmark soil series of the country and enter it into the National Register for Soil Series.
E. Computerised Bibliographic Database
The Division has developed a computerised, updated reference files for major soils of the world on the recent development in pedological research.
The Division of Soil Resource Studies is engaged in conducting basic, strategic and applied research on pedology, pedogeomorphology, mineralogy, micromorphology, edaphology, etc. of benchmark and associated soils for understanding their genesis and for their precise classification.
5.1 Institute Projects :
The Mathematical Equation to Calculate Linear distance of cyclic horizons in Vertisols has been developed. It is an improvised, but useful, method to identify locations of microdepressions and microknolls required for better management of Vertisols.
The morphological (both macro and micro), physical and chemical differences between the Vertisols of the northeastern and southwestern parts of the Purna Valley in Maharashtra suggest that a decrease in rainfall and increase in temperature can modify important properties of soils in adjoining districts within an ustic soil moisture regime. Pedogenic carbonate, subsoil sodicity, poor plasma separation and deepening of cracks through the slickenside horizons are interpreted as indicators of polygenesis in Vertisols of this region and also in others with similar climatic condition.
Sodicity in Vertisols of the Purna valley is attributed to depletion of calcium ions as calcium carbonate, resulting in an increase of both SAR and ESP with pedon depth. This chemical degradation, appear to be a basic process in addition to those already described as natural processes of soil degradation. Recent study indicates that quality of irrigation water is also deteriorating hydraulic conductivity of soils.
Nutrient reserve and release behaviour in selected Benchmark soils.
Micromorphological characterisation of selected Vertisols and associated soils in relation to their genesis.
Micromorphological characterisation of ferruginous soils.
Clay mineralogy of soils of soil resource mapping project.
Genesis and transformation of clay minerals: their significance in pedology, paleopedology and edaphology.
Total carbon stock in Indian Soils
Determination of layer charge of 2:1 layer silicate minerals in soils of India
Modelling soil forming processes and genesis of red and black soils in Peninsular India
Land Resource Inventory (1:10000 scale) of Gujarat State: A step towards enhancing agricultural productivity and transfer of technology – 14 subprojects in Kutch, Bharuch, Valsad, Surat, and Navsari districts
Land resource inventory of Kachcha district, Gujarat on 1:10000 scale using geo-spatial techniques
Kachchh district is the largest district in Gujarat with an area of 4.5 lakh ha, and 50% of the area is covered by Rann and little rann of Kachchh (high saline unproductive desert). Soil survey was carried out in 2.23 lakh ha area covering 9 blocks of the Kachchh district. The area has Deccan trap basalt, brown ferruginous sandstone, kaolinitic shale,coastal alluvium and limestone are the major geology of the district. A total 77 soil series were identified in the district from coastal alluvial plains, alluvial plains, pediment plain, and rocky upland areas.
Land resource inventory of Junagarh district, Gujarat on 1:10000 scale using geo-spatial techniques
For Junagarh district, soil survey was done for 6 blocks, namely Mangrol, Manavadar, Maliya, Keshod, Mendarda and Vanthali covering 3,52,690 ha area. In all, 76 land ecological units (LEU) were delineated. 35 soil series with 100 soil phases were identified.
Land resource inventory of Dholka Taluka, Ahmadabad district, Gujarat on 1:10000 scale using geo-spatial techniques
In Dholka block of Ahmedabad district, 11 soil series were identified. This block has major five physiographic units viz. i) Very gently sloping flood plain, ii) Very gently sloping alluvial plain, iii) Very gently sloping old alluvial plain, iv) Nearly level low lying coastal plain and v) Level to nearly level coastal plain. The soils were deep to very deep, coarse loamy (Vataman series) to fine loamy (Girand series) and fine (Dholi series) in texture. Analytical data indicated that all soils of Dholka block are strongly alkaline (pH 8.5 to 9.5), slight to moderately calcareous with high base saturation status. Organic carbon status of soils ranged from low to medium. Out of 11 series four soils were sodic (Dholi, Amliyara, Ganeshpur and Loliya1)and one belonged to saline sodic (Loliya2). Management of such soils needs immediate attention for sustainable land use.
Land Resource Inventory (1:10000 scale) and Impact Assessment of Canal Irrigation on the Arid Agro-ecosystem- A Case Study in five blocks of IGNP Command Area
Characterization and formation of Salt affected Soils in an Arid Agroecosystem
Soils of Rawatsar block of Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan has been inventorized on 1: 10,000 scale. This area falls under arid agro-climatic conditions and salt affected soils of common occurrence. The salt affected soils of IGNP command area are present in scattered form in between the sand dunes. Two soil series Mahela and Bherusari were identified and characterized. Mahela series belong to coarse loamy, gypsic (gypsum is >35% and gypsum + carbonate equivalent is >40%), hyperthermic, Calcic Petrogypsids and Bherusari series was classified as coarse loamy, mixed, hyperthermic, Sodic Haplocalcids. The soils of Mahela are non-saline and non-sodic with very thick cemented “Gypsic” layer (>115cm) after 35cm depth and is highly disturbed by mining activities. The soils of Bherusari were saline (EC 8-16 dSm-1), sodic (ESP 18-50) and gypsum was present in less than 5% in reduced lower layers (39-60cm depth) under waterlogged condition. The pH of Mahela series was below 8.2 whereas it was around 9.0 in all layers of Bherusari soils. Gypsiferous soils of Mahela were developed under hyper aridity due to evaporation and precipitation of gypsum mixed with limestone. The soils of Bherusari were partially gypsified by mass movement of ions followed by partial replacement of NaCl by CaSO4 and its precipitation and accumulation in the form of gypsum in the subsurface horizons. Both the soils are not fit for agriculture due to strong influence of mining and exposure of gypsum in Mahela series and high amount of secondary salts and partial gypsification under waterlogged condition in Bherusari series.
Land Resource Inventory (1:10000 scale) of Maharashtra State: A step towards enhancing agricultural productivity and transfer of technology – 6 subprojects in Wardha, Yavatmal, and Ahmednagar districts
Soil survey was carried out for 17 blocks covering total area of 14.03 lakh ha in Wardha, Yavatmal and Ahmednagar districts.
Land resource inventory of Bemetara block, Bemetara district, Chhattisgarh state (AESR 11) on 1:10000 scale using geo-spatial techniques.
5.2 Externally funded projects (National)
Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture
Influence of organic and inorganic carbon sequestration on soil and land quality in selected benchmark spots of India
Generation and Modelling of Carbon Datasets in Different Agro-ecosystems for Climate Resilient Agricultural Planning (NICRA Project)
Soil Quality Assessment and Developing Indices for Major Soil and Production Regions of India AESR 6.1 and 18.4)
Soil sampling of 188 grid points, at an interval of 20 km, from AESR 6.1 covering the state of Maharashtra and Karnataka were collected for surface (0-15 cm) horizons. AESR 6.1 is dominated by sugarcane and cotton-based cropping system and 340 soil samples were collected. This includes one each large and small farmer at each grid point. In AESR 18.4 which covers Utkal Plain and East Godavari delta, hot dry subhumid eco-subregion, 77 grid points were demarcated. In this rice based cropping system 85 soil samples were collected from 54 grid points at 20 km interval for laboratory analysis. Apart from the soil samples management information for all the sampled locations were collected from the farmers (Fig. 21).
The soils of AESR 6.1 are moderately to strongly alkaline (85%) alkaline in reaction with pH ranges from 6.9 to 9.2 with EC <1 dS m-1. If we consider 0.75% organic carbon as high, more than half of the samples are high in Organic carbon and about 21 per cent of the samples are in the range of 0.5 to 0.75 per cent. In about 23 per cent surface soils the organic carbon is less than 0.5 per cent, which is considered as low and needs special attention. The better organic carbon status in most of these soils is due to organic matter addition during cultivation and effect of micro climate and self-mulching under sugarcane cultivation. Very labile carbon varies from 6.3 to 63.6% and labile carbon from 5.4 to 57.0%. Active pool of carbon in the soils varies from 30.6 to 75.6 and passive pools vary from 24.4 to 69.4% indicating wide variations among themselves may be due to wide variations in land use and management practices even though the substrate material is almost similar.
Available nutrient status of the soils indicates that majority of soils (>95 %) were low in N content as expected. However, contrary to the expectation 44 per cent soils have high P indicating better P fertilizer application in the area. However, about 24% samples were low available phosphorus which needs attention. Majority of soils in AESR 6.1 have high content of available potassium (58% with: >330 kg ha-1). This is very common in black soils. In spite of the common belief that Vertisols and its intergrades are well supplied with K, about 44% samples had low to medium in K probably due to more withdrawal by crops than addition of potash fertilizers. DTPA extractable micronutrient Zn and Fe are found to be deficient in 50 and 45 % samples respectively. This indicate that there is a need for additional supply of iron and zinc in Vertisols and associated soils for better crop production. Similarly, calcium chloride (CaCl2) extractable available Boron is found to vary from 0.01 to 2.24 and 78 per cent samples are found to be deficient. Available sulphur is low in about 50 per cent (<10 ppm) samples and medium to high in the remaining samples.
The results of soil analysis indicate that in AESR 18.4, the soils are very strongly acidic to slightly alkaline in reaction with EC <1 dSm-1 indicating that soluble salts are not affecting the soils and crops. The organic carbon status of about 90 % surface soil samples has > 0.75 % carbon indicating that the soils are well supplied with organic carbon. This shows that the coastal environment with rice cultivation is enhancing the accumulation of carbon in the surface. The dynamic nutrient status indicate that all the soils are deficient in N, about 73% medium to high in available P. Low available N is expected in rice growing soils of coastal region due to low input and high intensive cultivation. Better amount of P indicate that they are well supplied with P in spite of acidic condition in many parts. Available K is low in 42%, medium in 41 % and high in 17% samples. All the micronutrients except Zn are sufficient in these soils. Zn is deficient in majority of soils because of intensive agriculture in rice growing soils. Therefore, Zn application is to be initiated in the coastal zones. Among the secondary nutrients B and S are low in majority of soils as expected. Therefore, these nutrients are to be supplied in sufficient dozes.
Identification of minimum soil datasets for soil quality indices
The soil quality assessment would be done based on the soil quality indicesand PrincipalComponent Analysis (PCA) technique was employed to identify the MDS. PCA was performed on the 20 soil parameters of 340 soil samples to rank their relative significance and to describe their interrelation patterns. Based on eigenvalues, seven principal components (eigen values >=1) were extracted with varimax rotation that could explain 72% variability of the soil datasets. Based on the RSQI, majority of the districts with cotton based cropping system have RSQI of Class II (80-90) whereas the districts with the sugarcane based cropping systems have RSQI of Classes II and III (70-80) in AESR 6.1. The RSQI class is III and IV (60-70) in majority of the districts with small patches of classes I (>90) and II in AESR 18.4. Soils with RSQI of class V (<60) were also found. Thus, RSQI could serve as a unified criterion for comparing regional soil quality. From the relationship between RSQI and crop yields, it is concluded that the soil parameters identified as the soil quality indicators could be helpful in monitoring the soil quality, and sustaining and improving crop yields in AESRs 6.1 and 18.4. The RSQI is significant and positively correlated with the yields of cotton (r = 0.68) and sugarcane (r = 0.77) crops indicating that the identified soil parameters/indicators are able to define the soil quality of the cotton and sugarcane based cropping systems in AESR 6.1. Similarly, for AESR 18.4, a significant and positive correlation (r = 0.75) is observed between the RSQI and the yield of rice crop.
Role of crystalline and non-crystalline nano-clays in stabilization of organic carbon in pedogenetically important soil orders of tropical India (Early Career Research Award, DST Funded)
This project is funded by DST as Early Career Research Award for characterizing crystalline and non-crystalline nano-clays for their structural and physico-chemical properties and to determine stability of soil organic carbon associated with different fractions of nano-clays. For confirmation of nano size of the separated clays, samples have been analyzed by Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) from IARI and the separated clays has been found in 11-87 nm range (<100 nm) which comes under nano-size.
From XRD results, the following observations have been made:
1. Chlorite and mica are found in the silt (50-2 µm) and <2 to <0.10 µm fractions of soils*.
2. Smectite is present as dominant clay mineral in the < 0.10 µm fraction which may be of 25% of the total clay fraction.
3. Smectite is absent in 50-2 µm and 2-0.10 µm fraction.
4. Fine clay (<0.2 µm) fraction of Vertisols contain about 99% of nanoclays (<0.10 µm).
5. Total clay (<2 µm) contain 90-95 % nanoclays (<0.10 nm).
Soil and water management strategies for enhancing agricultural productivity in tribal villages in Warudteshil, Amravati district, Maharashtra (TSP Project)
Development of Soil Health Card (SHC) using GIS techniques for Nagpur rural block, and Kelapur Taluka, Yavatmal district
DST Sponsored Projects
ICAR Funded Projects
Network Project on Climate Change
Summer/Winter school / Institutes’ training programme for SAU and ICAR professionals
In view of demand for professional advice, consultancy services are being offered in the following areas.
The following analysis have been done for several institutions and organisations including both Government and Private Sectors, NGOs, etc. Students have also been given concession for analysis.
An understanding of the relevant soil processes and their interactions in a landscape are necessary to predict crop behaviour. The pedological research helps in acquiring this important knowledge. The interpretation of physical, chemical, mineralogical and micromorphological environments and aspects of the whole soil profile are of immense value in developing crop specific models. However, the pedological research must be conducted on well-established and well documented benchmark soils. A benchmark soils is a reference point which is adequately characterised in terms of its properties and environmental conditions. It is significant in terms of its distribution so that performance data derived from experiments may be related to other soils with similar characteristics. The information about benchmark soils can be extended to many other soils closely related in classification and geography. It is, therefore, essential to identify benchmark soils and conduct research in weathering and soil formation, pedogenesis, soil mineralogy, soil micromorphology, and landscape-climate-soil relationship.
Ø Genesis and classification of benchmark (BM) soils
- Characterisation, genesis and classification of soils with emphasis on benchmark soils and problem soils; dating of soils in specific cases.
- Characteristics and mode of formation of diagnostic horizons and features particularly of semi-arid and arid climates.
- State, status and movement of soil water under different climatic conditions and landscape situations.
- Research on genesis and transformation of minerals under different AESRs
- Soil quality assessment and monitoring
- Linking soil based agro-ecosystem services with soil quality and agricultural sustainability
- Application of nano-technology in identification and characterization nano-minerals
Ø Genesis and transformation of minerals and their edaphological character in benchmark soils
- Mineral weathering, clay minerals formation and transformation in soils developed on different geomorphic surfaces. Practical utility with reference to use behaviour of soils and soil erodibility.
- Weathering of rocks and minerals, as a source of plant nutrients, and/or toxicity and through soluble products pollution of the water resources.
- Clay minerals and their transformation as a tool to predict climate change during the past.
- Layer charge of clay minerals to unfold the genesis of clay minerals and their nutrient supplying capacity.
- Benchmark soil information system for periodical monitoring of soil quality and to assess the impact climate change on key soil properties
Ø Research on carbon and crop modelling
- Soil carbon dynamics and sequestration
- Use of RothC (developed in JK), Century (developed in U.S.A.), DNDC and InfoCrop to model the status of organic carbon in soil.
1. Dr. Pramod Tiwary has been appointed as an Adjunct Lecturer in the School of Land and Food, at the University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia for the period 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2016.
2. Dr. Jagdish Prasad, Principal Scientist elected as President, Indian Society of Soil Science for two years 2015-2016.
3. Dr. Jagdish Prasad, Principal Scientist received Special Honour Award by Soil Conservation Society of India, New Delhi.
4. Dr. Jagdish Prasad, Member of Site Selection Committee (ICAR Side) for the establishment of additional KVK in Yavatmal.
5. Dr. Jagdish Prasad, Chief Guest (Plenary Session) International Conference on Novel Innovation and Strategies for booting production and productivity in Agriculture (15-16 Nov., 2014) at Institute of Agricultural Sciences, B.H.U., Varanasi organized by Mahima Research Foundation and Social Welfare and BHU, Varanasi.
6. Dr. Jagdish Prasad, ICAR Nominee to conduct the interview for SMS (Extension Education at KVK, Pokharni, Nanded).
7. Dr. Jagdish Prasad, Member, Institute Management Committee of CICR, Nagpur, nominated by ICAR.
8. Dr. Jagdish Prasad, Chief Guest (Inaugural Function) : Seminar on “Role of Potash Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture” sponsored by Indian Potash Limited (IPL), Jaipur and Department of Agronomy, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan on 26th March, 2015.
9. Dr. Jagdish Prasad has been nominated as Member in IMC of Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal 2015-2018.
10. Dr. Jagdish Prasad has been awarded for “Reviewer Excellence Award – as reviewer of Indian Journal of Agricultural Research and Legume Research – An International Journal”.
11. Dr. Jagdish Prasad has been nominated as Member of Asian Soil Partnership (GSP Pillar 4).
12. Dr. P. Chandran has been awarded as the fellow of the Clay Minerals Society of India, New Delhi.
13. Dr. Jagdish Prasad is theFellow of Indian Society of Soil Survey and Land Use planning, (ISSSLUP)Nagpur (2016)
14. Dr. Jagdish Prasad is thePresident, Indian Society of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning (2017-2018)
15. Dr. Jagdish Prasad is theMember,Institute Management Committee of ICAR-CCRI, Nagpur for a period of three years w.e.f. 22.02.2017 to 21.02.2019.
16. Dr. Ranjan Paul received Best Poster Presentation Award for his paper entitled “Characterization of Nanoclay-Phosphatase Complex with IR Spectroscopy and Electron Microscopy“ during 20th Annual Convention and National Seminar of the CMSI at ICAR-NBSS&LUP, Nagpur.
17. Mr. Baburao Anant Patil et al. received Best Poster Presentation Award for his paper entitled “Genesis of soils in a catenary sequence in Bemetara district, Chhattisgarh“ during 20th Annual Convention and National Seminar of the CMSI at ICAR-NBSS&LUP, Nagpur.
18. Dr. R.P. Sharma received Best Paper Award from Soil Conservation Society of India, New Delhi on April 17, 2015 for the paper authored by Sharma R. P., Singh R. S. and Arora Sanjay (2014). Soil moisture release behavior and irrigation scheduling for Aravalli soils of Eastern Rajasthan Uplands. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 13 (1), 58-67.
19. Dr. Ranjan Paul awarded Ph.D. research work has been selected as one among 10 finalists for The Brian Chambers International Award for Early career in crop nutrition by International Fertilizer Society (IFS), United Kingdom (2017).
20. Dr. R. Paul received Best Doctoral research award at National Seminar on Developments in Soil Science and 82nd annual convention of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 2017.
21. Dr. R. Paul received "Jagar Nath Raina Memorial All India Best Research Awards at Doctorate level 2017" by the Society for Advancement of Human and Nature (SADHNA), Solan, India.
22. Dr. R. Paul received Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) best poster presentation award for presenting a part of Ph.D research in poster form entitled “Evaluation of phosphatase adsorption on soil nanoclays by X-ray diffractometry” in 2018 at 105th Indian Science Congress, Manipur University, Imphal.
23. Dr. Jagdish Prasad has been elected as co-chair of Division 3 : Soil Use and Management; Commission 3.1 : Soil Evaluation and Land Use Planning in International Union of Soil Science.
24. Dr. Jagdish Prasad has been elected as Chairman, Standing Committee on Policy and Byelaws of Indian Society of Soil Science, New Delhi.
25. Dr. Jagdish Prasad was Editor, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, New Delhi.
26. Dr. Jagdish Prasad was Project Advisor, Indian Institute of Forestry and Management, Bhopal.
27. Dr. P. Chandran Elected as Vice-president of CMSI for the tenure 2018-2020
28. Dr. Ranjan Paul selected for Early Career Research Award and received funding support of Rs. 30.89 lakhs by Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India. for a three year project entitled “Role of crystalline and non-crystalline nano clays in pedogenetically important soil orders of tropical India” at ICAR-NBSS & LUP, Nagpur.
29. Dr. Ranjan Paul was selected for contesting at Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) for“Young Scientists Award Programme for 2018-19” and presenting on the topic “Mineralization of reserved soil organic phosphorus by Nanoclay-Phosphatase complex - An innovative and sustainable approach of P nutrition in plants” in the Agriculture and Forestry Sciencesection during 106th Indian Science Congress, held from 3-7th January, 2019 at LPU, Jalandhar, Punjab.
Book Chapters/Technical Bulletins
Project Reports/Technical Reports
1. Ray, S.K., Bhattacharyya, T., Sarkar, D., et al. (2014). Baseline Data Indo-Gangetic Plians (IGP) Part I Working Report No.1, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture", Lead Center, NBSS Publ 1062a, NBSS & LUP, Nagpur. pp. 1-686.
2. Ray, S.K., Bhattacharyya, T., Sarkar, D., et al. (2014). Baseline Data Indo-Gangetic Plians (IGP) Part II Working Report No.1, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture", Lead Center, NBSS Publ 1062b, NBSS & LUP, Nagpur. pp. 687- 1290.
3. Ray, S.K., Bhattacharyya, T., Sarkar, D., et al. (2013). Baseline Data Black Soil Region (BSR) Part I Working Report No.2, NAIP Component - 4 Project on"Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture", Lead Center, NBSS Publ 1063a, NBSS & LUP, Nagpur. pp.1-498..
4. Ray, S.K., Bhattacharyya, T., Sarkar, D., et al. (2013). Baseline Data Black Soil Region (BSR) Part II Working Report No.2, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture", Lead Center, NBSS Publ 1063b, NBSS & LUP, Nagpur. pp. 499-903.
5. Bhattacharyya, T., Sarkar, D., Ray, S.K., et al. (2014). Soil Datasets of the Hot Spots Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) Working Report No.3, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture", Lead Center, NBSS Publ 1064 NBSS & LUP, Nagpur. p183.
6. Bhattacharyya, T., Sarkar, D., Ray, S.K., et al. (2014). Soil Datasets of the Hot Spots Black Soil Region (BSR) Working Report No.4, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture", Lead Center, NBSS Publ 1065, NBSS & LUP, Nagpur. p. 228.
7. Raychaudhuri, Mausumi, Kundu, D.K., Mandal, K.G., et al. (2014). Physical Properties of IGP & BSR Soils To Assess Soil and Land Quality, Working Report No.5, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture" NBSS Publ 1066, NBSS&LUP, Nagpur. p.164.
8. Velmourougane, K., Srivastava, A., Venugopalan, M.V. et al. (2014). Biological Properties of Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) and Black Soil Region (BSR), Working Report No.6, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture" NBSS Publ 1067, NBSS&LUP, Nagpur. p.84.
9. Tiwary, P., Patil, N.G., Bhattacharyya, T., et al. (2014). Development of Pedo-Transfer Functions for Indian Soils, Working Report No.7, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture" NBSS Publ 1068, NBSS&LUP, Nagpur. p.40.
10. Chandran, P., Tiwary, P., Bhattacharyya, T., et al. (2014). Soil and Terrain Database for Georeferenced Soil Information System (GeoSIS) for Indo-Gangetic Plains & Black Soil Region, Working Report No.8, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture" NBSS Publ 1069, NBSS&LUP, Nagpur. p.68+ Annexure.
11. Ray, S.K., Bhattacharyya, T., Reddy, K.R., et al. (2014). Soil and Land Quality Indices of the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) & Black Soil Region (BSR) of India, Working Report No.9, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture" NBSS Publ 1070, NBSS&LUP, Nagpur. p.214.
12. Chatterji, S., Tiwary, P., Sen, T.K., et al. (2014). Land Evaluation for Agricultural Land Use Planning for Bench Mark Spots in Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) and Black Soil Region (BSR), Working Report No.10, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture" NBSS Publ 1071, NBSS&LUP, Nagpur. p.51.
13. Mandal, D.K., Mandal, C., Bhattacharyya, T., et al. (2014). Computation of Length of Growing Period (LGP): A Modified Approach, Working Report No.11, NAIP Component - 4 Project on "Georeferenced Soil Information System for Land Use Planning and Monitoring Soil and Land Quality for Agriculture" NBSS Publ1072,NBSS&LUP, Nagpur. p.40.
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3. Sonalika Sahoo, Mohan Lal Dotania, Ranjan Paul, Akram Ahmed and Arti Kumari (2019) Plasticulture: A source of microplastic in ecosystem. (/articles/protectedagriculture/1037-plasticulture-a-source-of-microplastic-in-ecosystem.html)
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14. Meena Kamlesh, Sharma, R.P., Kumari, A.R. and Singh, Shamsher (2017). PrakritikSanshadhanSanrakshanHetuAdhunik Krishi Taknikiyon Ka Prayog. Kheti, February 2017, ICAR, New Delhi, pp. 09-11.
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18. Jagdish Prasad and Singh, A.K. 2016. Land Degradation in India – A Menace. In: Souvenir of Global Ravine Conference on Managing Ravines for Food and Livelihood Security (March 7-10, 2016) held at Rajmata VijayarajeScindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, M.P., India, p.118-127.
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20. Meena Kamlesh, Kumari, A.R., Singh, Shamsher and Sharma, R.P. (2016). Alu Se AdhikPaidawarKeLiyePoshakTatavon Ka Prabhandhan. FulPhool, July-August 2016, ICAR, New Delhi, pp. 21-23.
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24. Ray, S.K., Mandal, D.K., Tiwary, P., Chandran, P. and Bhattacharyya T. 2015. Soil and land quality for sustainable crop production. Indian Farming64(11):29-30.
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28. Meena Kamlesh, Sharma, R.P., Kumari, A.R. and Singh, S. 2015. Asinchitkshetron main dhanutpadankiunnattaknik. Mrida Darpan, ICAR-NBSS&LUP, Nagpur. 11:18-20.
29. Sharma, R.P. 2015. Mridaurvarta main karbonicpadharth ka sambhandh. Mrida Darpan, ICAR-NBSS&LUP, Nagpur, 11:73-75.
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Division of Soil Resource Studies received three copyrights.
1. Copyright Regn. No. L-70091/2017. Sarkar, Dipak, et al. (2017). Soil and land quality of the Indo-Gangetic Plains and the Black Soil Region. Copy Regn. No. L-70091/2017. Copyright Registered (Copyright Office, Govt. of India). A Publication from NAIP-GeoSIS Project.
2. Copyright Regn. No. L-70095/2017. Sarkar, Dipak, et al. (2017). Soil Information System : Use and Potentials in Humid and Semi-Arid Tropics. Copyright Regn. No. L-70095/2017. Copyright Registered (Copyright Office, Govt. of India). A Publication from NAIP-GeoSIS Project.
3. Copyright Regn. No. L-70097/2017.Sarkar, Dipak, et al. (2017). Development of SOTER Database for major food growing regions (IGP and BSR) of India for Resource Planning. Copyright Regn. No. L-70097/2017. Copyright Registered (Copyright Office, Govt. of India). A Publication from NAIP-GeoSIS Project.